Root Canal Therapy

How Root Canal Therapy is Performed

Each of our teeth contains a long, thin strand of dental pulp—which provides the tooth with nutrients and nerves—that extends down to the tooth’s root. If the pulp becomes infected or injured, the tooth’s nerves die and, often, without endodontic treatment, the tooth dies as well. Root canal therapy is used to intervene and save the tooth from further decay and damage.

During the procedure, a gap is drilled into the tooth’s crown and pulp chamber, allowing diseased pulp to be reshaped or removed, and the tooth is permanently sealed with tooth-colored crown, or sometimes with a crown that encases the tooth with a thin layer of gold.

In the center of each tooth in our mouth is dental pulp, which supplies our tooth with nutrients and nerves. If something happens to that dental pulp, if it is injured, infected, or damaged in some other way—then the nerve within the pulp may die. The health of this nerve is essential, because if it dies, the tooth may die as well. Dentists will recommend root canal therapy as a way to save teeth that have received damage to their dental pulp and nerve.